by Kayla Marciniszyn – CART Assistant Lab Director
Jackfield is a refined red earthenware that was first developed sometime in the 1740s and reached its peak popularity in the 1750s and 1760s. Jackfield is known for its thin walls, lustrous black glaze, and unique grayish purple to purple body. The ware name is associated with the town of Jackfield in Shropshire, England, but was actually produced in Staffordshire, where most English pottery was made. Even though the popularity of Jackfield began to decline in the 1760s, alternate versions of ware continued to be produced. There was a revival of the Jackfield glaze in the late nineteenth century, but these versions are usually found on white earthenware or terra cotta (Jefferson Patterson Park 2015).
Jackfield is often found in tea or coffee service forms. Take a close look at the Jackfield sherd in the photo. The round shape and thickness of the sherd tells us it is most likely part of a spout! This particular artifact is not decorated, but decorated vessels are usually found with sprig molded designs, slip designs, or enamel or oil gilded designs.
Jefferson Patterson Park. 2015. “Jackfield-Type.” Last Modified: February 18. Accessed: November 10, 2016. http://www.jefpat.org/diagnostic/ColonialCeramics/Colonial%20Ware%20Descriptions/Jackfield-type.html
Noel Hume, Ivor. 1969. A Guide to Artifacts of Colonial America: 123-124. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Florida Museum of Natural History. 2016. “Jackfield-Type Ware.” Accessed November 10, 2016. http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/histarch/gallery_types/type_index_display.asp?type_name=JACKFIELD-TYPE WARE